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BIRDING SAFARIS

WHERE TO GO BIRDING IN UGANDA

ENTEBBE AREA

  1. 1.      ENTEBBE BOTANICAL GARDENS

Position and composition: located near Entebbe international airport on the shores of Lake Victoria.

Resident bird species:

Verreuax’s Eagle Owl, Golden Backed Weaver, Orange Tufted Sunbird, Black Headed Weaver, Red Chested Sunbird, Vielliot’s Weavers, Common Squacco, Northern Brown Throated Weaver, Long Tailed Cormorant, Orange Weaver, Hammerkop, Yellow Backed Weaver, Jackson’s Weaver, Black Headed Heron, Yellow Billed Duck, African Open Billed Stork, Terns, Pied Kingfisher, Grey Headed Gulls, Swamp Fly Catcher, Black Headed Gonolek, Rock Pranticoles, Diederik Cuckoos, Broad Billed Roller, Black And White Casqued Hornbill, Woodland Kingfisher, Splendid Starling, African Fish Eagle, Hooded Vultures, Hadada Ibis, Grey Plantain Eater, Grey Capped Warbler, Angola Swallow, Red Faced Cisticolas, Blue Cheeked Bee Eater, Grey Kestrel, Lizard Buzzard, Palm nut Vultures, Hooded Vultures, Shikra, Green  Throated Sunbirds , Common Wattle Eye, Black Crake and Scarlet Chested Sunbirds.

  1. 2.      ENTEBBE SEWAGE POND

Position and composition: located next to Entebbe airport and the war memorial. So many waders can be found here during the migration period.

Resident bird species:

Common Tern, Slender Billed Gull, Greater Sand Plover, Little Ringed Plover, Eurasian Night Jar, European Turtle Dove, Eurasian Wry Neck, Great Black Headed Gull, Tawny Pipit, Slender Billed Gull and  Heuglin’s Gull

  1. 3.      KAJJANSI FISH FARM

Position and composition: located in between Kampala and Entebbe and because of its artificial fish ponds, attracts a variety of water birds.

Resident bird species:

Little Ringed Plover, water fowls, northern pin-tail, herons, Eurasian spoonbill, storks and waders.

QUEEN ELIZABETH NATIONAL PARK

Queen Elizabeth national park boasts of the longest birding list with more species recorded in this park than any other protected area in Africa with approximately 296 species recorded in just one day. However, a total of over 605 species have been recorded as resident in the park the highest number ever recorded anywhere in Africa.

Location:  Kasese

Composition: savanna grassland, fresh water lakes, savanna woodland, swamps, equatorial rain forest, lowland forest and saline craters. Existent rarities or highly endangered species include Chapin’s Flycatcher, Blue Swallow and Corncrake. Other Resident bird species include: terns, gulls, Caspian plovers, terns, migrant waders like the gull billed tern, Lesser Black-backed Gull, shoe bill, martial eagle, African fish eagle, papyrus yellow warbler, African skimmer, papyrus gonolek and many more.

Time required and best birding time: 2-3 days required

Best months: December, January and February

Number recorded: approximately 550 species

Birding Spots in Queen Elizabeth National Park

  1. 1.      MWEYA PENINSULAR

Position: This is the area located between the Kazinga channel and Lake Edward. Enjoy breathtaking views of the Rwenzori ranges, scenic sunsets, watch nest building by different bird species and male species setting their territorial boundaries

Resident bird species:

Black Bee Eater, White Tailed Lark, Black-rumped Buttonquail, Martial Eagle, White-shouldered Cliff Chat, African Skimmer, Papyrus Canary, Shoebill and White-winged Warbler, Blue-napped Mousebird, Martins, Squire-tailed Nightjar, Diederik Cuckoo, Swallows, Lesser Masked Weaver, Slender-tailed Nightjar, Grey-Headed Kingfisher, Yellow-backed Weaver, Black-headed Gonolek, Pygmy Kingfisher, African Mourning Dove, Little Bee-eater, Nubian Woodpecker, Swamp Flycatcher, Red-chested Sunbird, Pin-tailed Whydah, Red-capped Lark, Swifts, Slender-billed Weaver, Grey-capped Warbler, Swamp Nightjar  and the Scarlet-chested Sunbird

  1. 2.      THE AIRSTRIP AREA

Position: located next to the camping site along Kazinga channel

Resident bird species:

Black-headed Gonolek, Swamp Flycatcher, Yellow-backed Nightjars, Grey-headed Kingfisher, Grey-capped Warbler, African Mourning Dove, Red-chested Sunbird, Swamp Flycatcher, Swifts, Red-capped Lark, Bateleur, Temminck’s Courser, Grey Kestel, Brown Snake Eagle, pelicans, African Harrier-Hawk and swallows

  1. 3.      KAZINGA CHANNEL

Position: spot that joins or links Lake George to Lake Edward, famed for viewing water birds. A launch cruise operates twice daily on the channel availing opportunities to spot various Albertine rift endemic species.

Resident bird species:

These include the Knob-billed Ducks, Squacco Heron, Great White and Pink-backed pelicans, White-faced whistling Ducks, Great and Long-tailed Cormorants among others.

  1. 4.      CRATER AREA

Position: located north of Katwe road and comprises of Lake Munyanyange and various crater lakes

Resident bird species:

White shouldered cliffchat, Broad-tailed Warbler, common Buttonquail, marsh Tchagra, Curlew Sandpiper, Croaking Cisticola, Eurasian Mash Harrier, Lesser Flamingos, Common Greenshank, African Moustached Warbler, Greater Flamingos, Lesser Black-backed Gull, Little Stint, Southern Red Bishop, Montagu’s Harrier, Gull-billed Tern, Avocet, Pallid Harrier and the Red-capped Lark

  1. 5.      KASENYI AREA

Position and composition: Predominantly savanna grassland and most famous for morning game drives in the Queen Elizabeth national park area and an excellent spot for sighting African bird species.

Resident bird species:

Wahlberg’s Eagle, Ruppell’s Griffon Vulture, Martial Eagle, Palm-nut Vulture, Hooded Vulture, African White-backed Vulture, African Wattled Plover, Ruppell’s Griffon Vulture, Rufous napped Lark, Lappet-faced Vulture, Brown Snake Eagle, Black-bellied Bustard, Bateleur, Senegal Plover, White-tailed Lark, Long-created Eagle, Flappet Lark, Zitting Cisticola, Temminck’s Courser, Black-crowned Tchagra, Kittlitz’s Plover, Grey backed Fiscal, Brown-backed Srub-Robin, Grey Kestrel, Croaking Cisticola, Grey-capped Warbler, Pin-tailed Whydah, Black-lored Babbler, Crowned Plover, Fork-tailed Drongo, African Crake and the Black-headed Gonolek

  1. 6.      MARAMAGAMBO FOREST

Position: this equatorial lowland forest is located on the right side of the western rift valley arm, covering a relatively big portion of Queen Elizabeth national park running along Kicwamba escarpment.

Resident bird species:

Blue-breasted Kingfisher, Little Grebe, Red-chested Cuckoo, Black Cuckoo, Blue-throated Roller, Yellow bill Barbets, African Moustached Warbler, Red-throated Wryneck, Black Bee-eater, African Finfoot, Black Coucal, Red-shouldered Cuckoo-shrike, Blue-shouldered Robin-Chat, Croaking Cisticola, Green Crombec, Chestnut Wattle-eye, Dark-capped Warbler, Brown Illadopsis, Broad-tailed Warbler, Brown-eared Woodpecker, Black-and-white Shrike Flycatcher, Honeyguide Greenbul, Black-headed Batis, Western Black-headed Oriole, White-breasted Negrofinch, African Paradise Flycatcher, Black Bishop, Marsh Tchagra, Sulphur-breasted Bush-shrike, African Emerald Cuckoo and the Brubru

  1. 7.      ISHASHA SECTOR

Position and composition: Responsible for the park’s rare tree climbing lion and lots of woodland, also covers a big portion of the park. This sector also has a lot to offer to the ardent birder.

Resident bird species:

Bateleur, Brown Snake Eagle, Grey Kestrel, Shoebill, African Crake, Long-created Eagle, Ross’s Turaco, Lappet-faced Vulture, African Wattled Plover, Wahlberg’s Eagle, Helmeted Guineafowl, Palm-nut Vulture, Broad-billed Roller, Grey Woodpecker, Hooded Vulture, African Crowned Eagle, Double-toothed Barbet, Striped Kingfisher, African White-backed Vulture, Black-bellied Bustard, Brown-backed Scrub-Robin, Yellow-billed Oxpecker, Greater Honeyguide, Ruppell’s Griffon Vulture, White-headed Barbet, African Green Pigeon, Cisticolas, Martial Eagle, Cisticolas, Senegal Plover, Green Crombec, White-browed Robin-Chat and the Grey-backed Fiscal

  1. 8.      LAKE KIKORONGO AREA

Position and composition: this area is famed for harboring waders or water birds and is located on the extension of Lake George

Resident bird species:

African Jacana, Lesser Swamp Warbler, Knob-billed Duck, Saddle-billed Stork, Papyrus Gonolek, Yellow Wagtail, Common Squacco Heron, Black Crake, White-winged Warbler,  Shoebill, Carruther’s Cisticola, Sacred Ibis, Greater Swamp Warbler

  1. 9.      KATUNGURU BRIDGE AREA AND PAPYRUS SWAMPS

Position and composition: this area is the spot where you will cross over from the Kazinga Channel in Kasese district to Rubirizi district. The papyrus swamps are an excellent breeding, feeding and nesting place for the rare shoe bill among other bird species.

Resident bird species:

Greater Swamp Warbler, Gull-billed Tern,  Papyrus Gonolek, Malachite Kingfisher, Pink-backed Pelican, Lesser Swamp Warbler, Pied Kingfisher, White-winged Tern, White-winged Warbler and Carruther’s Cisticola

MABAMBA WETLAND

Position and composition: situated on the shores of Lake Victoria in Mabamba village. Lots of swamp dwellers can be spotted here including the rare shoe bill on a local canoe ride.

Resident bird species:

Madagascar bee eater, Carruther’s Cisticola, grey rumped swallow,  Papyrus Gonolek, Lesser Jacana, White Winged Warbler, Saddle Billed Stork, Common Squacco, Long Toed plover, whistling duck, blue swallow, Yellow Billed Egret, Black Crake, Purple Heron, African skimmer, White Winged Terns, Goliath Heron, plain backed pipit, African Pygmy Goose, Malachite And Pied King Fisher’s, Swamp Fly Catcher, Shoebill Stork, African Fish Eagle, Winding Cisticola, Blue Breasted Bee Eater, Fan Tailed Widow Bird, Red Chested Sunbird, Yellow Billed Duck and Hottentot Teal.

ECHUYA FOREST

Position and composition: found near the Uganda Rwanda border in south western Uganda.  This forest has over 150 species of which18 species like the Grauer’s Swamp warbler. During any birding session a local guide should always be employed as the trails here are not well defined and a tourist or visitor can easily lose their way in the thick undergrowth.

Resident bird species:

Archer’s Robin-Chat, Brown-capped Weaver, Regal Sunbird, Yellow-eyed Black Flycatcher,  Rwenzori Batis, Strip-breasted Tit, Kivu Ground Thrush, White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher, Mountain Grauer’s Rush Warbler, Masked Apalis, Montane Oriole, Dwarf Honey guide, Doherty’s Bush-Shrike, Red-faced Woodland Warbler, Red-throated Alethe, Grauer’s Warbler, Collared Apalis and the Strange Weaver.

 BWINDI IMPENETRABLE NATIONAL PARK

Position and composition: this park is located in Rukungiri, Kabale and Kisoro and is mostly famed for possessing almost half of the world’s surviving population of the mountain gorilla this protected area double’s as a superb birding spot for the Albertine rift endemics.

Recommended time: 2-3 days of birding

Best months: all year round but particularly March and September

Number recorded: 357 species

Resident bird species (Mubwindi swamp, the saddle, school trail and Ruhija area)

Black Bee-eater, Bar-tailed Trogon, Rwenzori Nightjar, Fine-banded Woodpecker, Handsome Francolin, Shelley’s Crimsonwing, African Wood Owl, Doherty’s Bush Shrike, Red-throated Alethe, Montane Oriole, Kivu Ground-Thrush, Shelly’s Greenbul, Mountain Masked Apalis, White-bellied Robin-Chat, Grauer’s Warbler, Lagden’s Bush Shrike, African Green Broadbill, Black-faced Rufous Warbler, Strange Weaver, Black Bee-eater, Archer’s Robin-Chat, Yellow-eyed Black Flycatcher, Red-faced Woodland Warbler, Western Green Tinkerbird, Chapin’s Flycatcher, Rwenzori Batis, Purple-breasted Sunbird, Mountain Yellow Warbler, Tit Hylia, Chestnut-throated Apalis, Dwarf Honeyguide, Blue-headed Sunbird, Dusky Twinspot, Short tailed Warbler, Grey Cuckoo-shrike, Regal Sunbird, Yellow-streaked Greenbul, Strip-breasted Tit, Red-fronted Antpecker, Collared Apalis, Brown-capped Weaver,  Grauer’s Rush Warbler and the Dusky Crimsonwing.

Resident bird species (Buhoma area)

Mackinnon’s Shrike, African Black Duck, Black Bee Eater, Waller’s Starling, Narrow Tailed Starling, Mountain Masked Apalis, Equatorial Akalat, Banded Prinia, African Sooty Fly Catcher, Common Wattle Eye,Olive Green Camaroptera, White Bellied Robin Chat,  Cassin’s Grey Fly Catcher, Pitta-Like Short Tailed Warbler, Fraser’s Eagle Owl, Chestnut Throated Apalis, White Chinned Prinia, Dusky Long Tailed Cuckoo, Olive Long Tailed Cuckoo, Grauer’s Warbler, Black Faced Rufuos Warbler, Bocage’s Bush Shrike, White Browed Crombec,Dusky Tit, Red Tailed Bristle Bill, Oriole Finch, Kivu Ground Thrush, Red Throated Alethe, Fine Banded Wood Pecker, Handsome Francolin,Western Bronze Napped Pigeon, Brown Backed Scrub Robin,  White Tailed Ant Thrush, Short Tailed Warbler, Black Necked Weaver, Elliot’s Wood Pecker, Cameroon Sombre, Red Faced Woodland Warbler, Red Fronted Ant Pecker, Grey Chested Illadopsis, Slender Billed Starling, Grey Capped Warbler, Luhder’s Bush Shrike, White Collared Olive Back, African Broad Bill and Dusky Blue Fly Catcher.

KIBALE NATIONAL PARK

Position and composition: found in Kabarole, western Uganda, Kibale national park is predominantly forest vegetation (77%) and is famed for its large number of chimpanzees. Swamps, grasslands and plantations cover 23% of the park.

Time required and best birding time: 2 days required

Best months: March, May, September and November

Number recorded: 335 species

Resident bird species:

These species can be sighted in Kibale forest, Bigodi wetland and Magombe swamp.

Uganda woodland warbler, Red winged francolin, Black-capped apalis, Blue-breasted kingfisher, grey winged robin, Yellow spotted nicator, Black-eared ground thrush, joyful greenbuls, white bellied crested fly catcher, Green-breasted pitta, Purple-breasted sunbird, Brown-chested alethe,  Little Greenbul, Crowned eagle, Yellow-rumped tinker bird, African pitta, Collared Apalis, red chested flufftail, Abyssinian ground thrush, Dusky crimson wing, masked Apalis,  Black bee-eater, chestnut winged starling, African pitta, tiny sunbird and the grey headed olive back.

 MURCHISON FALLS NATIONAL PARK

Position and composition: found in both Masindi and Gulu this park is home to all the big five (lion, elephants, buffalo, rhino and leopard).  Murchison falls is Uganda’s largest national park. The park’s composition of savanna grassland and aquatic habitats make it home to various bird species and an excellent birding destination. The best birding areas are the ones around the Nile safari lodge and the Red Chili and whilst on a launch cruise across the Nile.

Time required and best birding time: 2 days required

Best months: in the low tourist season where there is plenty of bird activity, January – March

Number recorded: 450 species

Resident bird species:

Shoebill stork, Martial Eagle, Hugli’s Francolin, White-faced Whistling Duck, Senegal Thick-knee, African Darter, Secretary Bird, Black-faced Waxbill, Denham’s Bustard, Pied Kingfisher, Goliath Heron,  Spotted Thick-knee, Swallow-tailed Bee-eater, Silver bird, Northern Crombec, Yellow-billed Stork, Veracious Dove, Dark Chanting-Goshawk, Abyssinian Ground Hornbill, Northern Carmine Bee-eater, Blue-napped Mousebird, Abdim’s Stork, Standard-winged Nightjar, Pennant-winged Nightjar, Malachite Kingfisher, Vaseline Masked Weaver, Osprey, Black-billed Wood-Dove, White-browed Sparrow Weaver, Red-throated Bee-eater, Black Scimitar bill, Double-toothed Barbet, Long-toed Plover, Spur-winger Geese, Whistling Cisticola, Sacred Ibis, Bar-breasted Fire finch, Grey-headed Bush Shrike, Black-billed Barbet, Piacpiac, Yellow-throated Greenbul, Speckle-fronted Weaver, Black Crake, Black-headed Plover, Black-headed Gondola, Beautiful Sunbird, Red-winged Grey Warbler, Rock Pratincole, Fawn-breasted Waxbill, White-fronted Black Chat, Blue-napped Moosebird, White-rumped Seedeater, Spotted Morning Thrush, Long Tailed Nightjar, Saddle-billed Stork, Black-headed Batis, Chestnut-crowned Sparrow Weaver, Giant Kingfisher, Black-lored Babbler, Sulphur-breasted Bush Shrike, Yellow-fronted Tinker bird and the Grey-crowned Crane

ROYAL MILE AND BUDONGO FOREST RESERVE

Position and composition: located in Hoima and Masindi this forest reserve is an excellent area for Albertine rift endemics, forest specialists and  central and west African species;  the Royal mile is found in Budongo Forest  south of Murchison falls national park.

Time required and best birding time: 2-3 days required

Best months: February to April and September are best to go birding in the reserve

Number recorded: 350 species

Resident bird species:

Piping Hornbill, Yellow-billed Barbet, Nathan’s Francolin, Western-black Headed Oriole, Dwarf Kingfisher, Blue-throated Roller, Red-capped Robin-Chat, African Crowned Eagle, Yellow-spotted Barbet, White-spotted Fluff tail, Brown-eared Woodpecker, Chocolate-backed Kingfisher, Rufous-crowned Elemomela, Blue-shouldered Robin-Chat, Blue-breasted Kingfisher, Chestnut-caped Flycatcher, White-thighed Hornbill, Sabine’s Spine tail, Yellow-browed Camaroptera, Cassin’s Spine tail, Yellow-crested Woodpecker, Hairy-breasted Barbet, Lemon-bellied Crombec, Ituri Batis, Yellow-browed Camaroptera, Spotted Greenbul, Fire-crested Alethe,, Black-capped Apalis  and the Grey-headed Sunbird

MPANGA FOREST

Position and composition: Mpanga forest is an evergreen swamp forest located in Nateete along Masaka road. The forest has been labeled as one of the best forest birding sites.

Resident bird species:

Weyn’s Weaver, Blue Breasted Kingfishers, White Spotted Fluff Tail,  Lemon Dove, Red Capped Robin Chat, Grey Parrot, Snowy Headed Robin Chat,  Blue Headed Robin Chat, Black Billed Turacos, Broad Billed Roller, African Pied Hornbill, Black Cuckoo, Hairy Breasted Barbet, Black And White Fly Catcher, Dusky Long Tailed Cuckoo, Red Chested Cuckoo, Honey Guide Greenbul, African Shrike Flycatcher,  Toro Olive Green Bull, Uganda Woodland Warbler, White Chinned Prinia, Red Tailed Bristle Bill; Chestnut Wattle Eye, Sooty Boubou, Blue Throated Brown Sunbird, White Throated Bee Eater, Grey Headed Negro Finch And Fiery Necked Night Jar.

KALAGGALA FALLS

Position and composition: this is basically done on the River Nile the longest river in the world. This is especially common along the Kalaggala Falls on a local canoe ride or on a cruise on the African Queen.

Resident bird species:

Giant Kingfisher, Great Blue Turacos, Rock Pratencols, Green-backed Herons and the African Open-billed Storks

SEMULIKI NATIONAL PARK

Position and composition: located in Bundibugyo, this park is predominantly swamp forest and reknown for its possession of the rare shoe bill. Semuliki forest has over 400 bird species of which some are forest specialties and Albertine rift endemics. All these can be spotted on forest nature walks in the park and boat rides on local canoes.

Time required and best birding time: 3 – 4 days required

Best months: all year round but the best months are January to February when its dry season

Number recorded: 400species

Resident bird species:

Black-Casqued wattled Hornbill, White-bellied Kingfisher, Nkulengu Rail, Orange-Cheeked Waxbill, White-crested Hornbill, Yellow-throated Cuckoo, Black Dwarf Hornbill, Gabon Woodpecker, Swamp palm Bulbul, Blue-billed Malimbe, Lyre-tailed Honey Guide, Spot-breasted Ibis, Xavier’s Greenbul, Western Bronze-napped Pigeon, Green-tailed Bristle bill, African Piculet, Red-bellied Malimbe, Icterine Greenbul, White-thighed Hornbill, Leaf-love, Grant’s Bluebill, Yellow-throated Nicator, Red-rumped Tinker bird, Red-billed Dwarf Hornbill, Fire-crested Alethe, Rufous-sided Broadbill, Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch, Long-tailed Hawk, Black-throated Coucal, Piping Hornbill, Northern Bearded Scrub Robin, Blue-headed Crested-flycatcher, Maxwell’s Black Weaver and the Crested Malimbe

ZZIWA RHINO SANCTUARY

Position and composition: the sanctuary is located in Nakasongola district and derives its name from the fact that it has been set aside as a reserve for the highly endangered rhinocerous. This stopover on your way to or from Murchison falls is an important birding zone with lots of African species and rarities like the shoe bill.

Resident bird species:

Lesser Striped Swallow, African Green Pigeon, Bare-faced Go-away Bird, Abyssinian Ground Hornbill, African Grey Hornbill, Little Egret, African Blue Flycatcher, Lizard Buzzard, African Paradise Flycatcher, Red-eyed Dove, African Crowned Eagle, Little Grebe, Sedge Warbler, African Broad Bill, Long-tailed Cormorant, African Pied Wagtail, African Open-billed Stork, Abdim’s Stork, African Goshawk, African Marsh Harrier, Barred Warbler, African Golden-breasted Bunting, Barn Swallow, Semi-colored Flycatcher,  Black-shouldered Kite, Ring-necked Dove, Black-and-white Casqued Hornbill, Red-headed Malimbe, Bat Hawk, Long-crested Eagle, Black-crowned Tchagra, Black-headed Weaver, Little Swift, African Black Crake, Blue-breasted Kingfisher, African Scop’s Owl, Red-headed Weaver, Black-and-white Manikini, Booted Eagle, Cattle Egret, African Black-headed Oriole, Little Weaver, Bateleur, African Jacana, Black-and-white Shrike Flycatcher, African Hawk Eagle, Blue-naped Mouse Bird, Cardinal Woodpecker, Blue-cheeked Bee-eater, Fan-tailed Widow Bird, African Citril, Black-and-white Cuckoo, Puvel’s Illadopsis, Black-winged Stilt, Red-chested Cuckoo, Blue-spotted Dove, African Morning Dove, Soot Chat, Augur Buzzard, Pied Crow, Black-winged Bishop, Red-billed Fire Finch, Black Cuckoo, Ruff, Broad-billed Roller, Common Fiscal Shrike, African Hoopoe, Black-headed Heron, Common Chat, Black-bellied Bustard, Common Greenhawk, African Darter, Senegal Coucal, Brown-throated Wattle-eye, Common Kestrel, Egyptian Goose, Scarlet-chested Sunbird, Eurasian Hobby, Shikra, Goliath Heron, African Grey (domestic) Augur Buzzard, Double-toothed Barbet, Isabelline Shrike, African Fish Eagle, Black Kite, Brown-crowned Tchagra, Common Waxbill, Red-faced Crombec, Common House Martin, Eurasian Nightjar, African Golden Oriole, Chin spot Batis, Emerald-spotted Wood Dove, Red-winged Starling, Red-rumped Swallow,  Brown-backed Scrub Robin, African Pygmy Kingfisher, Coqui Francolin, Red-headed Bluebill, Crowned Hornbill, Eastern Grey Plantain Eater, Grassland Pipit, Pied Kingfisher, Great Sparrow Hawk, Levaillant’s Cuckoo, Black-crowned Waxbill, Rupell’s Long-tailed Starling, European Bee-eater, Greater Blue-eared Starling, Foxes Weaver, Common Bulbul, Greater Honey Guide, Red-necked Falcon,  Brown Parrot, Grey-headed Kingfisher, Black-headed Gonolek, Grey-headed Sparrow, Helmeted Guinea fowl, Common Ringed Plover, Grey Heron, Dark-caped Yellow Warbler, Green Wood Hoopoe, Hammerkop, Grey-backed Fiscal Shrike, Laughing Dove, Great Blue Turaco, Lemon Dove, Bronze Manikini, Crested Francolin, Grey-backed Camaroptera, Dusky Tit, Flappet Lark, Curlew Sandpiper, Giant Kingfisher, Buff-spotted Flufftail, Large Brown Snake Eagle, Fork-tailed Drongo, Great Reed Warbler, Klass’s Cuckoo, Grey Woodpecker, Hadada Ibis, Great Egret, Lesser Masked Weaver, Heuglin’s Francolin, Green Crombec, Intermediate Egret, Lesser Blue-eared Starling, Rufus-billed Heron, Knob-bellied Duck, Grey Kestrel, Lesser Honey Guide, Grey-crowned Crane, Lesser Black-backed Gull, Marabou Stork, Namaqua Dove, Pallid Harrier, Long-toed Lapwing, Malachite Kingfisher, Little Bittern, Martial Eagle, Northern Black Flycatcher, Lesser Kestrel, Piapiac, Northern Carmine Bee-eater, Marico Sunbird, Red-cheeked Cordon-bleu, Saddle-billed Stork, Nubian Woodpecker, Olive Sunbird, Pearl-spotted Owlet, Pin-tailed whydah, Plain Martin Little Sparrow Hawk, Little Sparrow Hawk, Red-headed Bluebill, Purple Heron, Red-throated Wryneck, Sacred Ibis, Red-knobbed Coot, Scaly-throated Honey Guide, Sooty Falcon, Tawny-flanked Prinia, Speckled Pigeon, White-headed Barbet, White-bellied Tit, Spur-winged Lapwing, Yellow-rumped Tinker Bird, Steppe Eagle, Wood Sandpiper, Sulphur-breasted Bush Shrike, Superb Starling, Thick-billed Honey Guide, Variable Sunbird, Village Indigo bird, Vinaceous Dove, Wahlberg’s Eagle, Yellow-billed Shrike, Wattled Lapwing, Western Black-headed Oriole, White-backed Night Heron, White-browed Coucal,  White-browed Robin Chat, White-browed Srub Robin, White-chinned Prinia, White-crested Turaco, White-faced Scoop’s Owl, Tawny Eagle,  White-faced Whistling Duck, Yellow Wagtail, Tree Pipit, White-headed Mouse Bird, White-headed Saw Wing, White-rumped Swift, White Stork, Spur-winged Goose, White-winged Tern, Spotted Eagle Owl, Willow Warbler, Woodland Kingfisher, Standard-winged Nightjar,Woolly-necked Stork, Yellow-backed Weaver, Speckled Weaver, Yellow-billed Stork, Yellow-breasted Apalis, Yellow-fronted Canary, Speckled Mouse Bird, Yellow-throated Longclaw, Tambourine Dove, Western Banded Snake Eagle, Violet-tipped Courser, White-fronted Bee-eater and the Shoebill Stork

LAKE MBURO NATIONAL PARK

Position and composition: found in Kiruhura district; Uganda’s smallest savanna park of which 20% is wetland oriented. An excellent spot for viewing southern savanna species like the Red faced barbet and papyrus endemics like the African fin foot. Birding can be done on the well designated tracks of the national park. Birds are best found along the lakeside track or campground, Kigambira loop and on the zebra track.

Time required and best birding time: 1 -2 days required

Best months: excellent all year round

Number recorded: 315 species

Resident bird species:

Lilac Breasted Roller, Barefaced Go Away Bird, Spot Flanked Barbet, Crested Francolin, African Grey Hornbill, Common Scimitar Bill, Brown Parrot, Emerald Spotted Wood Dove, Spot  Flanked Barbet, Green Wood Hoopoe, Yellow Breasted Apalis, Southern Red Bishop, Nubian Woodpecker, Trilling Cisticola, Northern Black Tit, Marico Sunbird, Chin Spot Batis , Greater Blue Eared Starling, Rufous Chested Swallow,  White Winged Warbler, African Wattled Plover, Spur Fowl, African Wattled Plover,  Flappet Larks, Bellied Bustard, Tenmink’s Courser, Yellow Throated Long Claw, Verreuax’s Eagle, Southern Ground Hornbill, Papyrus Gonolek, Pennant Winged, White-Tailed And Fiery Necked  Night Jars, Narina Trognon, Lesser And Greater Swamp Warbler, Northern Brown Throated Weaver, African Water Rail Shoe Bill, Papyrus Yellow Warbler, African Darter, Northern Brown Throated Weaver, Hammerkop, Blue Headed Coucal, Red-Faced Barbet, Yellow Throated Leaf Love, Shikra, Black Collared Barbet, Spur Winged Plover, Red Headed Lovebird, Green Capped Eremomela, African Marsh Harrier, Lizard And Augur Buzzards,  African Hawk, Long Crested Martial Eagles, African Fish Eagles, Grey Kestrel And Rupell’s Griffon.

MOROTO TOWN AND ITS NEIGHBOURHOOD

Position and composition: found in Moroto district and the habitat is mostly dry montane forest, mixed with acacia and savanna woodland.

Time required and best birding time: 1-2 days required

Best months: all year round

Number recorded: 225 species

Resident bird species:

Pallid swift, African black swift, Blue napped mousebird, Rufuos chatterer, Dark chanting goshawk, freckled night jar, African grey fly catcher, white browed sparrow weaver, Pygmy Batis, Hemprich’s hornbill, northern white crowned shrike, stone patridge, crested bustard, Mouse Coloured Penduline Tit, spotted eagle owl, White Bellied Go-Away Bird, black headed plover, three streaked tchagra, eastern violet backed sunbird, yellow necked spur fowl, grey wren warbler, straw tailed whydah, superb starling, night jars, fantailed raven, long billed pipit, Jameson’s firefinch,  African green pigeon, spot-flanked barbet, shining sunbird, Nyanza swift, Verreaux’s  eagle, Karamoja Apalis, eastern yellow billed hornbill and red footed falcon.

MGAHINGA GORILLA NATIONAL PARK

Position and composition: located in Kisoro district, Uganda’s smallest national park and most scenic national park. Mgahinga has 3 extinct volcanoes, Gahinga, Muhabura and Sabyinyo. The park’s habitat is basically afro alpine moorland and pastures on its slopes and montane forest.

Time required and best birding time: at least 2 days required

Best months: birding should be best in April, May, October and November

Number recorded: 115 species

Resident bird species:

Cape Robin Chat, Lagden’s Bush Shrike, Yellow Throated Long Claw, Buff Spotted Fluff Tail Dusky Turtle Dove, Dusky Crimson Wing, White Starred Robin, Cinnamon Bracken Warbler, Brown Woodland Warbler,  Bronze Sunbird, Rwenzori Turaco, Regal Sunbird, Mountain Yellow Warbler, Black Headed Waxbill, Streaky Seed Eater, Handsome Francolin, Kivu Ground Thrush, Stripe Breasted Tit, White Eyed Slaty Fly Catcher, African Hill Babbler, Cinnamon Chested Bee Eater, Doherty’s Bush Shrike, Montane Sooty Boubou, Narina Trognon, White Tailed Blue Fly Catcher,  Chubb’s Cisticola, Chestnut Throated Apalis, Red-faced Woodland Warbler, Common Stone Chat, Archer’s Robin Chat, Banded Prinia, Mackinnon’s Fiscal, Grassland Pipit, Wing Snapping Cisticola And  Yellow Crowned Canary, Red-throated Alethe, Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo, Regal Sunbird, Handsome Francolin, Shelley’s Crimsonwing, Equatorial Akalat, Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo, Collared Apalis, Dusky Turtle Dove, Blue-headed Sunbird, Dusky Crimsonwing, Chestnut-throated Apalis, Montane Oriole, Banded Prinia, Rwenzori Turaco, Warbler, Rwenzori Batis, White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher, White-starred Robin, Mountain Masked Apalis, Lagden’s Bush Shrike, Archer’s Robin-Chat, Strip-breasted Tit, Mackinnon’s Fiscal, Kivu Ground Thrush, Yellow-eyed Black Flycatcher and the Strange Weaver

KIDEPO VALLEY NATIONAL PARK

Position and composition: located in Karamoja district, Kidepo’s habitat is basically riparian woodland, montane forest and semi-desert scrub mostly composed of valleys. Uganda’s remotest park, Kidepo valley boasts of 475 bird species coming second to Queen Elizabeth national park. The best areas to go birding are the Narus valley and Apoka rest camp.

Time required and best birding time: 4-7 days required for the ardent birder

Best months: all year round, but if you want specialties like migrants visit in either March or April.

Number recorded: 475 species

Resident bird species:

Freckled Night Jar, Barn Owls, Silver Bird, Marsh Tchagra, Red Pate Cisticola, Superb Starling, Rose Ringed Parakeet, Buff Bellied Warbler, Yellow Billed Shrike, Little Weaver, Vinaceous Dove, Red Cheeked Cordon Bleu, Abyssinian Roller, Fan Tailed Raven, Hoopoe, Chinspot Batis, Nubian Wood Pecker, Brown Backed Woodpecker, Red Faced Crombec, Violet Tipped Courser, Bruce’s Green Pigeon, Dwarf Bittern, Croaking Cisticola, Speckled Pigeon, Rufuos Napped Larks, Little Swift, Northern White Crowned Shrike, Crimson Rumped Waxbill, Broad Billed Shrike, Greater Painted Snipe, Harlequin Quail, Black Bellied Bustard, Red Winged Pytilia, Mosque Swallow, Fox Kestrel, Rupell’s Starling, Rufuos Bush Chat, Yellow Rumped Seed Eater, Clapperton’s Francolin, Temminck’s Courser, Piapiac, Four Banded Sand Grouse, White Shouldered Cliff Chat, White Fronted Black Chat, Foxy Cisticola, Orange Winged Pytilia, Rock Martin, Black Headed Plover, Common Button Quail, Scaly Francolin, Heuglin’s Wheat Ear, White Bellied Tit, African Swallow Tailed Kite, Flappet Larks, Red Billed Ox Pecker,  Black  Headed Plover, Yellow Billed Oxpecker, Plain Backed Pipit, Abbysinian Ground Hornbill, Ayre’s Hawk Eagle, Secretary Bird, Golden Pipit, Brown Babbler, Spotted Morning Thrush, African Black, Horus Swift, Nyanza Swift, Mottled Swift, Martial Eagle, Emin’s Shrike, Black Scimitar Bill, Spotted Eagle Owls, Slate Coloured Boubou, White Tailed Night Jar,  Yellow Spotted Petronia, Pygmy Falcon, Steel Blue Whyda, White Bellied Canary, Mountain Buzzard And The  Dusky Turtle Dove

RWENZORI MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK

Position and composition: found in Bundibugyo, Kasese and Kabarole districts with snow capped peaks, with thick montane forest on its slopes, the Ruwenzori Mountains boasts of over 195 montane avian species of which 19 are Albertine rift endemics.

Resident bird species:

Dwarf Honey Guide,  African Long Eared Owl, Stripe Breasted Tit, Greater Double Collared Sunbird, Ruwenzori Batis, Grauer’s Cuckoo Shrike, Ruwenzori Night Jar, Ruwenzori Turaco, Handsome Francolin,  And Shelley’s Crimson Wing, Red Throated Alethe, Kivu Ground Thrush, Strange Weaver, Montane Sooty Boubou, Oriole Finch, Olivewood Pecker, Red Thighed Sparrow Hawk, Bamboo Warblers, Lagden’s bush Shrike And Evergreen Forest Warblers.

MOUNT ELGON NATIONAL PARK

Position and composition: found in Mbale, and is composed of bamboo, moorland, montane heath and low canopy montane forest

Time required and best birding time: 1-2 days required

Best months: March and September

Number recorded: 300 species

Resident bird species:

Green tinker bird, red chested owlet, African blue fly catcher, purple throated cuckoo shrike, forest wood hoopoe, yellow crowned canary, Waller and Stuhlmann’s starlings, hunter’s cisticola, alpine chat, Abyssinian ground thrush, montane oriole, Chubb’s Cisticola, white headed and black saw-wings, buff spotted flufftail, African Goshawk, moorland francolin,  African citril, grey headed negro finch, black throated wattle eye, mountain greenbuls, montane night jar, bar tailed trogon, African Blue Fly Catcher, black crowned waxbills, Chin Spot Batis, Mackinnon’s Fiscal, Doherty’s and Luhder’s Bush Shrikes, Baglafecht weaver, northern black tit, scarce swift, cinnamon chested bee eater, sharpe’s starling, mosque swallow, rock martin, white eyed slaty fly catcher, eastern bronze napped pigeon, great sparrow hawk, spotted creeper, dusky turtle dove and the Lammergeier.